Protests in Cuba Stirred by the Hidden Hand of the United States

July 28, 2021 by stephenshubert

Anti-Cuba propaganda is being pushed by the right, but the protests in Cuba are more of a condemnation of U.S. foreign policy than a reflection on the Cuban government.

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A sign against the U.S. blockade of Cuba at a protest in Minneapolis, Minnesota

Protests erupted in various Cuban cities during the weekend of July 11 over dire economic conditions and a surge in COVID-19 cases. These are the largest protests to hit Cuba in three decades, and they may well continue in the coming weeks. 

The truth is that what happens in Florida will likely have more of an impact on the Cuban people than what happens in Cuba itself.

The street demonstrations come on the heels of artists’ protests in Havana at the end of 2020, and have extended to many parts of the island. But their scale has been exaggerated by the Western press and by Cuban Americans who have been predicting, for sixty years, the imminent fall of the Cuban government.

Media outlets like The New York Times wrote about “hundreds of Cubans” while Reuters described them as thousands. In either case, Cuba has a population of eleven million people. The protests pale in comparison, both in terms of turnout and in state repression, to mass mobilizations that have rocked Colombia, Haiti, Chile, Ecuador, and other Latin American countries over the past few years—or even those in Portland, Oregon in 2020, or Ferguson, Missouri in 2014.

Moreover, U.S. media have paid little attention to the counter protesters, who have gone out into the streets to express their support for the government and the Cuban Revolution. This includes Cuban President Miguel Díaz-Canel, who marched in the streets of Havana after denouncing the protests as an attempt to “fracture the unity of the people.”

What’s happening in Cuba should also be understood in the context of a brutal economic war being waged by the United States against the island nation for more than sixty years. This was laid out clearly by the U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs Lester Mallory in 1960, when he explicitly called for “denying money and supplies to Cuba, to decrease monetary and real wages, to bring about hunger, desperation and overthrow of government.” 

This strategy has failed in its goal of regime change for decades, and it is unlikely to be successful now.


There is no denying that Cubans are facing very severe conditions at the moment. The country has been hit by blackouts, as well as shortages of medicine, food, and other basic necessities. The food shortages haven’t led to hunger or famine, but people have to wait in long lines to obtain goods—often at inflated prices—and their diet is extremely limited. 

In terms of health, even basic medicines and equipment like syringes are difficult to acquire. Additionally, there has been an increase in cases of COVID-19, particularly in the city of Matanzas.

It would not be surprising to see President Biden cave to the right and maintain the cruel sanctions. 

However, this surge—as onerous as it is on the people of Matanzas—should also be kept in perspective. Cuba has had fewer than 240,000 cases of COVID-19 and 1,537 deaths. By comparison, Ohio, which has a similarly sized population, has had 1.1 million cases and more than 20,000 deaths. Despite the shortages, Cuban health policies have protected the population from the worst of the pandemic.

With 139 deaths from COVID-19 per million persons, Cuba places among the best performers in the hemisphere, miles ahead of the 1,871 deaths per million in the United States. Furthermore, Cuba has already proven that two of the five COVID-19 vaccines that it has been developing are successful in preventing coronavirus infections and has vaccinated more than two million people with these locally produced vaccines.

The shortages are being used by proponents of regime change to accuse the Cuban government of failing its citizens. Even the Biden Administration called on Cuba’s authorities to “hear their people and serve their needs at this vital moment rather than enriching themselves.” 

It is unclear who President Joe Biden thinks has been “enriching themselves” in Cuba, but any criticism of Cuba that does not include a thorough analysis of the internationally condemned U.S. blockade will miss the most important factor in why Cubans are currently undergoing such hardships. 


While the blockade has been in place for more than six decades, it was tightened in significant ways under the Trump Administration’s policy of “maximum pressure.” This strategy targeted Cuba’s tourism, energy, and other key economic sectors. It even restricted the amounts of money Cuban Americans can send home to their families and closed the Cuban branches of Western Union, the main vehicle for sending these remittances.

These policies have had a disastrous impact on the Cuban economy, especially while the coronavirus-induced shutdown of the tourist industry has deprived the island of billions of dollars and thousands of jobs. 

For its part, the Biden Administration has been “reviewing” its Cuba policy for the past six months, all the while continuing Trump’s strategy of economic warfare that is designed precisely to create the shortages that Cubans are now experiencing. 

U.S. economic warfare on Cuba has always been coupled with other strategies to overthrow the Cuban government. These include assassination attempts, support for terrorists (like Luis Posada Carriles, who blew up a Cuban airliner in 1976, killing seventy-three people), and an attempted invasion in 1961 and millions of dollars spent on “soft” power.

For example, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) spends about $20 million a year funding dissident groups in Cuba. The U.S.-funded Office of Cuba Broadcasting, which runs the opposition networks Radio and TV Martí, has more than 100 employees and an annual budget of about $28 million, broadcasting an endless stream of anti-government propaganda.

This propaganda also extends to social media, where the hashtag #SOSCuba began trending in Florida days before the protests began. This suggests there was a coordinated campaign to target the Cuban government and blame it for the hardships that the Cuban people are facing. (It is also reminiscent of a scandal that broke in 2020, when CLS Strategies, a company with State Department ties, was found to have flooded social networks with harmful fake news about leftist governments in Latin America.)

This social media campaign appears to be working, but not in Cuba. Instead, it has riled up the anti-Cuba lobby and its supporters in Florida. Miami Mayor Francis Suarez has gone so far as to call for U.S. intervention “of some form or fashion, whether it’s food, medicine, or militarily.”

The truth is that what happens in Florida will likely have more of an impact on the Cuban people than what happens in Cuba itself. 


While the protests are very unlikely to topple the Cuban government, they could have the potential to disrupt important progress being made to pressure the Biden Administration into lifting the Trump-era sanctions and re-engaging with Cuba, just as the Obama Administration did in 2014.

In March, eighty members of the House of Representatives sent a letter to President Biden urging him to end restrictions on travel and remittances without delay. Right now, a group of Cuban Americans, led by high school teacher and war veteran Carlos Lazo, is walking from Miami to Washington, D.C., to call for an end to the embargo. As part of this anti-blockade pressure, thousands of Americans have donated about $500,000 to buy syringes for Cuba’s COVID-19 vaccinations.

This grassroots and political pressure might be derailed by a rightwing agenda that will seek to further punish Cubans in the name of saving them. It would not be surprising to see President Biden cave to the right and maintain the cruel sanctions. Judging by the White House statement, President Biden is putting crass political calculations related to domestic politics ahead of the well-being of eleven million Cubans. 

But by continuing the sanctions, Biden may well find himself dealing with a Cuban migration crisis. Over the past few months, the U.S. Coast Guard has reported an increase in the number of rafts sailing from Cuba to Florida. Nearly 500 would-be migrants have been returned to Cuba by U.S. authorities in 2021, compared to forty-nine people last year.

As long as the Cuban economy continues to be battered by U.S. sanctions, more Cubans will attempt the treacherous overseas journey. This has the potential to become a crisis that will damage the Biden Administration, given its recent focus on deterring migration.  

With the stroke of a pen, Biden could lift all of the coercive measures that Trump put in place. This would save Cuban lives, and it could begin to reset Biden’s foreign policy on the more diplomatic path that Barack Obama finally started to embrace in his second term, but which Biden has so far rejected toward not only Cuba, but also Venezuela, Iran, China, and other self-inflicted problem areas in U.S. foreign policy. 

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